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Jenny’s Everyday Bread from An Echo in the Bone

Jenny’s Everyday Bread from An Echo in the Bone

An Echo in the Bone

SHE WAS SMALLER than I had remembered, and thinner, her hair with a little more gray in it though still darkly vibrant — but the deep-blue-cat-eyes were just the same, as was the natural air of command she shared with her brother.

“Leave the horses,” she said briskly, wiping her eyes on the corner of her apron. “I’ll have one o’ the lads take care of them. Ye’ll be frozen and starving — take off your things and come into the parlor.” She glanced at me, with a brief look of curiosity and something else I couldn’t interpret — but didn’t met my eyes directly or say more than “Come,” as she led the way to the parlor.

The house smelled familiar but strange, steeped in peat smoke and the scent of cooking; someone had just baked bread, and the yeasty smell floated down the hall from the kitchen. The hall itself was nearly as cold as the outdoors; all the rooms had their doors closed tight to keep in the heat from their fires, and a welcome wave of warmth eddied out when she opened the door to the parlor, turning to pull Ian in first.

Diana Gabaldon, An Echo in the Bone, Chapter 76

Wheat was an expensive import into the Highlands in the 18th Century, and only relatively successful estates, such as Lallybroch (somewhat recovered from the scourge of the English after Culloden), would have been able to afford it. Even so, there’s not a chance that a woman as practical as Jenny would have used the finest French-milled flour in her everyday baking.

And so, our unexpected home comers are welcomed with hearty slices of stone-ground wholemeal bread slathered in butter and jam.


This recipe is adapted from a whole-wheat loaf, in The Bread Baker’s Apprentice by Peter Reinhart.  I made some changes to the methods and ingredients, and added oats, to make this 100% Jenny’s bread. The recipe uses a pre-ferment, a wet dough made the night before, that adds flavour and lift to whole-grain loaves that would otherwise be dense and heavy tasting.

The pre-ferment is an easier, modern mimic of the more authentic yeast culture (think sourdough) that Jenny would have kept alive with flour and water in her kitchen. We’re using instant yeast from the grocery store, but Jenny’s sole source of baking yeast would have been Lallybroch’s brew house. The barm, or froth, was scraped from the surface of fermenting beer and used to leaven the household’s bread.


Making bread this way will take you back to a simpler, slower time. In today’s world of instant gratification, anything that takes more than a day can seem like a long time. But there really isn’t a lot of active work involved — most of the time is spent waiting for the dough to rise. Pick a day when you’re around the house and, to make more from the same amount of work, double the recipe. Four loaves of bread lasts us a couple of weeks — I usually bake one loaf immediately, refrigerate another and then freeze the other two for the following week.

Once the dough is split, shaped and in the pan, wrap the loaves you want to save for later tightly with plastic wrap. These loaves will keep in the fridge for up to 3 days — remove them from the fridge about 4 hours before baking to give the dough time to rise. Notice the flavour in a dough that’s been fermenting in the fridge for a couple of days — you can really taste the grains!

Well wrapped loaves will keep in the freezer for up to 2 weeks. Defrost on the counter overnight, then unwrap and bake the risen dough off in the morning.


As for for the metric equivalents, I took a leap of faith and used (mostly) weight instead of volume this week. Weighing ingredients is a much more accurate way to ensure baking success. If you have an electronic scale, consider using it for this recipe. (Most of them have a metric option.)

One last thing: whole wheat flour takes a lot of kneading to develop the gluten, which is what reacts with the yeast and causes the dough to rise. A LOT OF KNEADING. If you have one, use your stand mixer as described in the New School Tips below the recipe — especially if you double the recipe — most of us simply don’t have the wiry upper-body strength that Jenny and the other women of her time developed by doing everything by hand…everyday.


(Click on the title below for a printable version of the recipe.)

Jenny’s Everyday Bread

Yield: (2) 1½ lb loaves

A delicious, welcoming wholemeal loaf made with organic, stone-ground, whole-wheat flour and oats — just the way Jenny would have made hers. Start the pre-ferment the evening before you plan to make the bread.


  • Stone-Ground Whole-Wheat Flour – 1½ Cups (255 g)
  • Instant Yeast – ¼ tsp (2 ml)
  • Milk, room temp – 1 ¼ Cups (285 g)


  • Rolled Oats – 1 Cup (120 g)
  • Water, room temp – 1 Cup (225 g)


  • Stone-Ground Whole-Wheat Flour – 2 Cups (340 g)
  • Instant Yeast – 1¼ tsp (7 ml)
  • Salt – 1½ tsp (8 ml)
  • Honey – 2 Tble (45 g)
  • Egg – 1 large
  • Butter – to grease the bowl/pans and brush the loaves before baking.

Make the pre-ferment the night before you make the bread: stir the flour and yeast together, then stir in the milk until just combined. Cover with a plate and set aside on the counter for 2 hours. Refrigerate overnight.

The next day, remove the pre-ferment from the refrigerator 2 hours before making the dough. At the same time, make the soaker: pulse the oats in a coffee grinder or food processor 3 or 4 times to a coarse grind and reserve 2 tsp for a garnish. Mix the rest of the oats together with the water and cover with a plate. Set aside for 2 hours.

Make the dough by combining the flour, yeast and salt in a large mixing bowl. Add the pre-ferment, soaker, honey and egg, and stir with a large spoon until the dough forms a rough ball, adding a little more water or flour if needed.Turn the dough onto a flour-dusted counter and knead, occasionally dusting with more flour as needed, until the dough is firm and slightly tacky, but not sticky, about 15-20 minutes.

Grease a bowl lightly with butter and roll the dough in the bowl to coat. Cover with a clean dishtowel and rise at room temp until doubled in size, about 2 hours.

Grease (2) 8” x 4” loaf pans with butter.

Divide the dough into 2 equal pieces. On a lightly floured counter, press 1 of the pieces into a rectangle about 5” x 8.” Starting on the shorter end, roll up the dough one section at a time, using your thumbs to pinch the seam closed after each roll. Pinch the final seam closed, then gently rock the loaf to even it out — do not taper the ends. Repeat with the second piece of dough.

Transfer the dough to the prepared pans. Ensure the loaf touches both ends of the pan to ensure an even rise. Cover loosely with plastic wrap or a clean dishtowel and set aside to rise a second time, until the dough is doubled in size and cresting the top of the pans, about 1½-2 hours.

Preheat the oven to 350° F.

Melt a little butter and brush the tops of both loaves gently, then sprinkle the reserved oats on top. Bake the loaves for 30 minutes, rotate the pans in the oven, then bake until the tops are golden brown and the loaves sound hollow when tapped on the bottom, about 15-20 minutes more.

Remove the loaves from the pans immediately and cool on a rack for at least 90 minutes before slicing.

Store in a paper bag on the counter to keep the crust firm and the interior fresh for 2 days.

Ith gu leòir! (Eat Plenty)

New-School Tips:

  • To use active dry yeast instead of instant, use ½ tsp in the pre-ferment and 2 tsp in the dough.
  • Take the chill off refrigerated milk by microwaving it for 20-30 seconds.
  • Because of carpal-tunnel-like symptoms in both arms, I am unable to knead dough for 15 minutes at a time. Instead, I mix my bread in a stand mixer. Use the paddle attachment until the dough comes together in a rough ball, then change to the dough hook and knead the dough on med. speed for 10-12 minutes, scraping down the dough as required.
  • If you keep your house on the cold side, find a warm spot near the stove, under the exhaust fan light or on top of a toaster over set on low.

Old School Tips:

  • Substitute buttermilk instead of milk for an even more flavourful loaf. If you happen to make your own cheese (or drain yogurt to make yogurt cheese), use the whey in this recipe instead of milk. Waste not, want not!
  • I always set our bread to rise next to the wood stove in the winter.
  • Originally, loaves would have been baked without a pan. I find that this dense dough spreads rather than rises when it’s not in a bread pan, which results in a large flat loaf with a lot of crust. If you’re curious, form the loaves and rise them on a baking sheet instead of in a pan. Watch the loaves closely in the oven — they will bake more quickly than those in pans.


  1. Kiri W.
    November 28, 2011 at 8:14 am

    Looks wonderful! 🙂 I love a dense bread with a bite to it, and the jam looks perfect.

    • Theresa
      November 29, 2011 at 8:57 am

      This loaf is perfect for a healthy foodie like you, Kiri…full of wholegrain goodness! The jam was a gift from a neighbour and fellow Outlander fan (thanks Tracey!)

  2. ruaTimeTraveler2
    November 28, 2011 at 8:34 am

    Old School!…..You make it look so easy..have to try it!

    • Theresa
      November 29, 2011 at 8:58 am

      Old School, but it really isn’t hard Vickie…just a matter of kneading and waiting for the dough to rise. Anyone can bake this bread!

  3. ruaTimeTraveler2
    November 28, 2011 at 8:46 am

    I can’t get enough!….fantastic!

  4. mrs graham
    November 28, 2011 at 10:20 am

    wow, that sounds yummy but looks like a lot of work! i’ll send you my recipe for no-knead salt bread. it’s awesome and very easy.

    • Theresa
      November 29, 2011 at 9:00 am

      Thanks Mrs. Graham. Salt bread is an old method of making leavened bread without packaged yeast. I’m interested and excited to start experimenting with the authentic salt bread, but in the meantime, I love a great recipe for no-knead bread…thanks!

  5. deniz
    November 28, 2011 at 12:04 pm

    One of my overall goals in life is to finally someday one day make bread from scratch. Will add this recipe to the pile of bread recipes I’ve been saving…

    • Theresa
      November 29, 2011 at 9:02 am

      Deniz, once you get your hands on that first batch of pillowly dough and start kneading, you’ll never go back! Baking, cooling, slicing and buttering a loaf of homemade bread is one of the most satisfying things you can do in a day.

  6. Lee Ann
    November 28, 2011 at 2:57 pm

    I never have luck making bread…I need more counter space for kneading AND a stand mixer would help. Someday…

    This sounds wonderful!

    • Theresa
      November 29, 2011 at 9:03 am

      For those of you with space issues and no mixer, keep in mind that you can also half the recipe and make just one loaf…that should give you more room and make the kneading a little easier!

    • Lee Ann
      November 29, 2011 at 11:08 am

      Maybe I will experiment then!!!

    • Kylie Pearson
      June 22, 2015 at 8:53 pm

      I made this bread today. I don’t have a mixer or much space and I didn’t find it too difficult make. I will definitely be making it again too.

    • Theresa
      June 26, 2015 at 12:05 pm

      Good news, Kylie!

  7. Jo
    November 28, 2011 at 9:52 pm

    This looks so delicious. Would love for you to share this with us over at

  8. Susan
    December 1, 2011 at 7:27 pm

    I so love making bread and this recipe looks good !! A number of years back taking my Higher in Scotland in Italian as an ‘older student’ … I had to do a filmed talk on something and I chose ‘Bread through the Ages’ . That was fun … as I made several types to take with me … all got eaten at the end !!! I made unleavened breads and yeasted too.

    Now though I have moved from the UK to Portugal and am fighting with the local flours !! For bread and cakes… they just aren’t the same and it’s taking a while to find the exact right ones !!! The dough just doesn’t rise the same way … and the gluten content must be very different too !!

    • Theresa
      December 2, 2011 at 7:46 am

      Susan — great to have you here! Have you tried comparing the protein contents of your UK flours with the Portugese ones? Match up the protein content and you should find a good substitute for what you are used to working with. Best of luck!

  9. Donna R
    January 23, 2012 at 7:21 am

    This turned out absolutely perfect! Love this bread! My only problem was my oats on top fell off when I turned out the bread from the pans. Do you press them in a bit? Not that it matters – it’s still good and makes wonderful toast! This was my second batch. Thanks again!!

    • Theresa
      January 23, 2012 at 11:21 am

      Donna, the oats are a garnish — to tell you the truth, I don’t have much luck getting them to stick either — I generally have just a few hangers on by the time I slice it. But it sure looks pretty coming out of the oven, doesn’t it? 😉

  10. bullrem
    February 20, 2012 at 1:45 pm

    I might have missed this as it is a thorough and lengthy recipe with tips *(which I love). Are you using the pre-ferment and the package yeast both? If not I missed the amounts if just using the pre-fermented yeast. I so LOVE this site and all things Outlander and Scotland. I do make bread so I have knowledge of the process. I am just now sure about the yeast amounts for this recipe process. Thanks, Helen

    • bullrem
      February 21, 2012 at 9:00 am

      Ok, I turned the TV off and re-read the info. It all made sense and fell together when I paid attention….!! I now have my dough in the first rising and I am sure it will be wonderful. Again, thanks for all thing Scots. Helen

    • Theresa
      February 21, 2012 at 4:18 pm

      I just saw your first comment now…glad you figured it out. I hope you enjoy it! Theresa

    • bullrem
      February 21, 2012 at 8:24 pm

      As with all the other comments, it was really good.
      I took it to a cooking class and told them the history
      and all your said about the ‘old ways’. It was GREAT.
      Thanks, Helen

  11. Sandi McLaren
    May 30, 2012 at 10:03 pm

    Ahhhh…finally a free Saturday coming up so this is on my list for the day. O Kitchen Goddess, might we have corn dodgers with some different options sometime soon? I have a yearning for barbeque and would LOVE to have a corn based goodie to serve along side (thinking of the fetes at River Run, I guess, lol)

    • Theresa
      May 31, 2012 at 9:06 am

      Good idea, Sandi!

  12. Megan
    January 14, 2013 at 8:28 pm

    Thank YOU for this recipe! I have halfheartedly Googled a way to make true whole wheat bread that doesn’t have the white flour in it and haven’t come up with much. So, here it is, right before my greedy little eyes. 😀 Can’t wait to try it!

    • Theresa
      January 16, 2013 at 1:07 pm

      I’m so glad you found what you were looking for here in Outlander Kitchen, Megan!

  13. Ashley Miller
    January 15, 2013 at 1:01 pm

    These are in the oven right now and they smell so yummy and comforting, perfect for this rainy day!

  14. Linda Pitchford
    January 29, 2013 at 5:19 pm

    I know this is probably a silly question, but I’ve never made bread before so… I went to the store to buy bread loaf pans to make this bread, and they had them in different sizes. What size bread loaf pan do you use?

    • Theresa
      January 29, 2013 at 5:35 pm

      not a silly question, Linda! If you can get a 4″x8″ pan, great! Most bread pans are 5″x8″

    • Linda Pitchford
      January 29, 2013 at 7:00 pm

      Thank you! I will try to find the 4″x8″. 🙂

    • Theresa
      January 29, 2013 at 10:07 pm

      happy shopping!

  15. Carol Mackey
    April 21, 2014 at 11:23 am

    Reading about making rolls with this recipe brought me back to this page, and asking myself the same question as I have asked each time I happen on a bread recipe: Can it be made in a food processor? My 50-+ YO stand mixer stayed in Michigan when I moved to Colorado, and, like you, kneading bread is not a job my wrists tolerate. But I do have a food processor, with booklet, which has bread recipes . . .what do you tthink? (btw, froze clotted cream but haven’t tried it yet . . .looks okay, though, in its wee ice cube shapes . . .) ;-D

    • Theresa
      April 21, 2014 at 7:18 pm

      I knead flat bread dough in my food processor, Carol. You could certainly try it. For the flat bread dough, I pulse it 5 or 6 times for a total of 30 seconds. I would suggest no more than a minute for this recipe, tops. Let me know if you try it and how it turns out!

  16. Gale
    April 28, 2014 at 9:20 pm

    I’ve been making bread for about 50 years and of all the recipes I use and have tried, this is the best bread. I think I’ll be using this one for the rest of my life. Yum!!!

    • Theresa
      April 29, 2014 at 9:34 am

      I love hearing that kind of thing, Gale! So glad you like it…I eat half a loaf when it’s still warm from the oven.

  17. Betsy
    September 5, 2014 at 8:37 am

    I have been using my bread machine for a while now but want to strike out on my own as it were. This looks like something I should try.
    Thanks for the extra tips too. It’s like having Mum there with me!

  18. Jenny
    September 5, 2014 at 2:14 pm

    do you think this can be made with whole grain (Gluten free) all purpose flour? I’m a Celiac – and the tings I’ve tried, so far have been awesome.

    • Theresa
      September 6, 2014 at 6:47 am

      I really don’t know, Jenny…you could try to half the recipe and make one loaf…just in case it doesn’t work?

  19. Kathy
    September 20, 2014 at 10:07 pm

    Wonderful website, Happy to have Discovered your Recipes, Thank you! Would love to try some of these!

  20. AuroraSunrise
    November 24, 2014 at 5:51 pm

    I found your site through another Outlander fan’s site, where the Outlander Gourmet lunch she attended was a showcase of the recipes of your kitchen and making.
    I’m thrilled to see this bread recipe! I’m thrilled to chat and connect with other women, and men, I know those guys are out there lurking lol, anyway, with those that enjoy the novels and much as the recipes, the culture and the history of what it was like to live back then. I’ve been looking for some patterns to some of Claire’s and other character’s garments and it looks like I’ll have to start making my own patterns too for some things I cannot find.

    Sorry for using the Everyday Bread to introduce myself, but all the comments and chat seemed so inviting! I hope to visit here regularly 🙂
    p.s. Maybe I’ve missed this part in other postings, but when I read that someone needs more counter space to knead their dough, I think, that’s much to high for most women, bump to your kitchen table and then you’ll have that space you need and at a height more conducive to really getting “into it” lol. I’ve customized a table or two in the past using chunks of 2×4’s under each leg until I hit the right height. I hope I haven’t spoken out of turn by mentioning this.

  21. Robyn
    August 11, 2015 at 7:52 am

    Made Jenny’s bread today. It is wonderful and will be an everyday at our cabin. Can’t wait to try another Outlander Kitchen recipe!
    Taing mhór, Robyn

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